susan sontag on photography context

2). I'm glad I read it, and would suggest it to someone else who enjoys discussing photographers and their styles and purposes. Among Ms. Sontag's many honors are the 2003 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, the 2003 Prince of Asturias Prize, the 2001 Jerusalem Prize, the National Book Award for In America (2000), and the National Book Critics Circle Award for On Photography (1978). And it ends with visual statements that express what matters to you about these things. It originally appeared as a series of essays in the New York Review of Books between 1973 and 1977. Photography is a way to shout "Wow" and really mean it. The author claims everything is camera grist and in the end, no matter what the photographer may want, everything becomes equal in value so long as it makes an interesting picture. As usual, when I am thinking of pursuing something, I turn to books. Among the consequences of photography is that the meaning of all events is leveled and made equal. There are three answers, each of which con­ 207 . Photography entered the scene as an upstart activity, which seemed to encroach on and diminish an accredited art: painting. Mike Harter is Director of Media Services for Ministry Training Services in Denver. Her book is precise and complete in tone and color, with shades of intelligence so numerous they create a picture. Let the subject be what it will - pollution, death, war … photography will tend to make it look aesthetically pleasing. Susan Sontag. This very passivity -- and ubiquity -- of the photographic record is photography's "message," its aggression. On Photography began with a single essay in which Susan Sontag wanted to explore some of the problems, both aesthetic and moral, presented by the omnipresence of photographed images in … Like “A photograph is both a pseudo-presence and a token of absence. Clever and thought provoking, the diversity of these quotations certainly illustrate the difficulty of pulling together such a vast field as "photography." This series of six essays and a collection of quotations is not a book for the beginner wanting to venture into the world of photography. It delves into the idea of ‘transparency’, where photographers have eliminated the boundaries of art and are faced with the prospect of being free to capture. ― Susan Sontag, On Photography. In his essay “Uses Of Photography”, John Berger – author of Ways Of Seeing – replies to Susan Sontag. Susan Sontag and her love of photography. You don't "take" pictures. Although one will not agree with all of her conclusions or premises (primarily because she does not spend enough time establishing most of them) her statements are engaging, thought provoking and evoke comment or criticism from the reader. If photographers learn to see well and to use their tools effectively, photographs will be unique, personal expressions - images which bring joy in the making and in the sharing with others. Susan Sontag’s On Photography, first published in 1977, has a lot to do with this. Photo: AP This book may be considered as a postscript or addition to On Photography. I have become interested in this work as contextual research for my Work in Progress Portfolio which is borne out of my time and experiences as a police photographer. Reviewed by Derral Cheatwood University of Baltimore The first question to ask is: "Why review this book in Studies in the Anthropology of Visual Communica­ tion?" This blog post is based on an essay called "On Photography" by Susan Sontag. Two working photographers respond to Susan Sontag, By Christian Molidor, RSM and Mike Harter, SJ. Alienating us from direct experience, the photo provides a more intense second-hand experience, an illusion of knowledge. "[3] He added that "no other photography book, not even The Family of Man (1955), which sold four million copies before finally going out of print in 1978, received a wider range of press coverage than On Photography." In her widely influential book On Photography, Susan Sontag famously argued that photographs of atrocities dull moral response. She has traveled extensively in China and throughout Asia as a freelance photographer for the Asian Society. In 1977, William H. Gass, writing in The New York Times, said the book "shall surely stand near the beginning of all our thoughts upon the subject" of photography. It would have been much more helpful had Ms. Sontag given the references to all of them since their context would obviously help in the interpretation and understanding of some of them. Colorful saris and strong, handsome faces do not bear the truth of the pain I tried to record. Sontag insists photography is an aggressive act which makes reality atomic, manageable, denies interconnectedness and continuity, and confers on each moment the character of a mystery. Sontag sees that photography, leveling everything, also beautifies. But more than that, it involves the eye and the soul of the photographer using a mechanical tool to record both a physical reality and an inner reality. Among these, she contrasts Diane Arbus's work with that of Depression-era documentary photography commissioned by the Farm Security Administration. Susan Sontag - On Photography The extract we looked at in critical perspectives by Susan Sontag was a very thought provoking piece about photography's use in our lives. In 2001 she was awarded the Jerusalem Prize for the body of her work. The debate about whether photography is an art or a tool weaves its way in and out of the various essays. Like a wood fire in a room, photographs—especially those of people, of distant landscapes and faraway cities, of the vanished past—are incitements to reverie. Regarding the Pain of Others is a work that seeks to retrace, in Sontag’s traditionally ellip-tical form, the ways in which we view—and have viewed—people’s suffering through images. This idea did not originate with Sontag, who often synthesized European cultural thinkers with her particular eye toward the United States. On Photography is a 1977 collection of essays by Susan Sontag. Sontag's publishing history includes a similar sequence with regard to her work Illness as Metaphor from the 1970s and AIDS and Its Metaphors a decade later, which included an expansion of ideas contained in the earlier work. In this context, she discusses in some depth the relationship of photography to politics. ISBN 0374248583. [2], In a 1998 appraisal of the work, Michael Starenko, wrote in Afterimage that "On Photography has become so deeply absorbed into this discourse that Sontag's claims about photography, as well as her mode of argument, have become part of the rhetorical 'tool kit' that photography theorists and critics carry around in their heads. Anyone interested in the social roles of photography will find this book fascinating and thought-provoking. As she argues, perhaps originally with regard to photography, the medium fostered an attitude of anti-intervention. James Fenton on how Susan Sontag has adjusted her thinking on photography Photo finish: Eddie Adams's Pulitzer-winning 1968 picture of General Loan executing a Viet Cong prisoner. In the six essays included in the book, Susan Sontag explores the cultural, literary, historical and philosophical background of photography. Some quotations are footnoted while others are not. In 1992 she received the Malaparte Prize in Italy, and in 1999 she was named a Commandeur de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French … I'm not certain anybody has ever created anything with a camera. On Photography is a 1977 collection of essays by Susan Sontag. 1970) world. Volume 23, No. There is little sustained analysis of the work of any particular photographer and is not in any sense a research project as often written by doctoral students. Discovery is not accidental. In the book, On Photography, by Susan Sontag, she explains how photograph is both an object and a tool and how its utility changes depending on context and intentions of oneself. In the book, Sontag expresses her views on the history and present-day role of photography in capitalist societies as of the 1970s. Susan Sontag’s book “On Photography” is a classic. To me, photography is a way to explore the world and myself. It is a chance to recapture the profound sense of excitement, the magic of living which we felt so keenly as children. I read a few articles about photography and finally, Susan Sontag’s superb essays On Photography. You do far more than that. Though On Photography (public library)—the seminal collection of essays by reconstructionist Susan Sontag was originally published in 1977, Sontag… Initially I found myself reacting strongly against her assertions and conclusions. Essentially disjunct, mute, the photo cannot tell the truth that comes only from words and narration. 131 pp. The appropriation, the stealing without touching, the having a semblance of knowledge, she likens to perversion. On Photography by Susan Sontag is a treatise on photography; what meaning it holds, both in Western civilisation, as well as other cultures and how such meaning has changed through the relatively short history of the medium. Her treatment of individual photographers, including references to specific photographs, also requires a detailed familiarity with these photographers and their works. Susan Sontag’s On Photography is one of the best studies of photography that you can find. Perhaps it is more accurate to say that God creates, and that some human beings discover. Not only are photographs a physical object, it gives us a way to visualize a captured moment. Susan Sontag's On Photography (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1973) represents a diverse collection of writings, from which I have chosen to use the single theme presented in the essay "Melancholy Objects" (pp.51-82.) It begins with daisies, kids, awful scenes, falling in love, or growing old. Christian Molidor holds an MA in photo journalism from the University of Iowa. It is a set of essays on the "philosophy" of picture-taking and the meaning of photography in the modern (ca. Sontag's essays - meditations, really - are variations on the theme of photographic images and their ambiguous but potent force in the modern consciousness. It is a way of imprisoning reality. Summary. Susan Sontag is the author of four novels, The Benefactor, Death Kit, The Volcano Lover and In America; I, Etcetera, a collection of stories; several plays; and five works of nonfiction, among them Illness as a Metaphor and AIDS and Its Metaphors. Sontag says that the individual who seeks to record cannot intervene, and that the person who intervenes cannot then faithfully record, for the two aims contradict each other. Photography is a great hobby. “On Photography,” Susan Sontag, 1973 ... that brings news of some unsuspected zone of misery cannot make a dent in public opinion unless there is an appropriate context of feeling and attitude Caring and joy go together. But perhaps those faces told another reality … one I was not wise enough to see. New York: Dell Pub­ lishing Company, 1977. Anyone interested in the social roles of photography will find this book fascinating and thought-provoking. Photography is the world's number one hobby. In my more flippant moments, I have been heard to say that the only difference I see between the good secular and the good religious photographer is in the amount they are paid for their work. You become involved with what you are photographing and think about what you are doing. But to know an experience by seeing it photographed is to know it as distanced, second-hand, fragmentary. (Understandably she does not reproduce any photographs in this book as illustrations of what she says or of the photographer's works; her treatment of the uniqueness of the actual original print is adequate justification for such an omission.). Sontag’s essays on photography are considered one of the classic starting points for anyone wanting to learn more about photography than simply how exposure, focusing, and post-processing works. To take a photograph, Sontag writes, "is to appropriate the thing photographed." 21 & 22 (January 20, 1977). He is currently directing and photographing "70 x 7," a slide program on reconciling the ex-offender into the Christian community. Photography's inferior but inexorable version of reality is the bases of On Photography. This concept of getting-in-order-to-use-up is important in understanding photography's function. tags: art, obsolete, photography. It begins with that which matters to you. She also explores the history of American photography in relation to the idealistic notions of America put forth by Walt Whitman and traces these ideas through to the increasingly cynical aesthetic notions of the 1970s, particularly in relation to Arbus and Andy Warhol. $3.95 (paper). Really "seeing" things is vital to photographer and photographs are a way of preserving what we see. On Photography won the National Book Critics Circle Award for 1977 and was selected among the top 20 books of 1977 by the editors of the New York Times Book Review. But it begins somewhere else. In addressing herself to such an array of topics in the field, Ms. Sontag speaks out of a wide cultural, literary, historical and philosophical background and expects the reader to have familiarity if not knowledge in all of these areas. Rather, it is an attempt at a sweeping critique of everything photographic. Sontag argues that the proliferation of photographic images had begun to establish within people a "chronic voyeuristic relation"[1] to the world around them. Sontag discusses many examples of modern photography. Sontag discusses in the six essays not only the philosophical question of how reality may be perceived and knowledge gained, but she also reviews photography in its context: as a tool, an industry, an activity that "imposes a way of seeing" and therefore, actually alters reality. The forming image is sharp, trenchant - a good picture; but it isn't exactly the photo you had in your head. Simply stated, photography is taking pictures. In this essay, Sontag explains about how photography can reveal so much about our culture, history and society. Sontag's work is literary and polemical rather than academic. For example, in her discussion of The Family of Man exhibition she quotes almost word-for-word Roland Barthes' critique in his book Mythologies, without acknowledgement; "By purporting to show that individuals are born, work, laugh, and die everywhere in the same way, "The Family of Man" denies the determining weight of history - of genuine and historically embedded differences, injustices, and conflicts." Susan Sontag (1933 – 2004) was an American writer, critic, cultural philosopher and political activist. It originally appeared as a series of essays in the New York Review of Books between 1973 and 1977. Images which idealize (like most fashion and animal photography) are no less aggressive than work which makes a virtue of plainness (like class pictures, still lifes of … After the relative success of reading Roland Barthes’ Camera Lucida I decided to tackle Regarding the Pain of Others . Our learned and inherited preference for "images" over "real things" is a danger; but no less a danger than believing what we see without reason. As a religious photographer, I try to reveal to the subject I photograph an inner dignity of which the subject may not be aware. For non-photographers, it is doubtful whether they … It is a set of essays on the "philosophy" of picture-taking and the meaning of photography in the modern (ca. along with some of John.B Thompson’s other theories, with some reference to Susan Sontag’s work on photography. The first work following the introduction, that catches the audiences’ eye, is a picture of Susan Sontag at Petra, Jordan (1994) (Fig. pp. [4]. It is not sight the camera satisfies so thoroughly, but the mind. by Susan Sontag (2004). Almost every photography student has probably read it. Included as the final chapter of this book is a collection of quotations, statements, reprints of advertisements, lines from novels, manuscripts and thesauruses all having to do with photography. By Susan Sontag. It’s been 42 years since Susan Sontag’s book On Photography was firstly published and, although the various forms of art, media, entertainment in general have experienced changes, the essence of photography as art and as mode of expression remained the same. In an attempt to further explore the values of photography today, Media&Values asked two professional photographers to read the book and share their responses. As everything she wrote, Susan Sontag's book on photography is brilliant. Her book is a collection of six essays that explore photography in the deepest of manners. I prefer the term "make pictures" because people who love photography don't simply lift a camera to their eye and press the shutter. Earlier versions of these essays appeared in The New York Review of Books: "Focus on Photography. "To photograph people," Sontag said, "is to violate them...It turns people into objects that can be symbolically possessed." A human rights activist for more than two decades, Ms. Sontag served from 1987 to 1989 as president of the American Center of PEN, the international writers’ organization dedicated to freedom of expression and the advancement of literature, from which On Photography v It includes no bibliography, and few notes. It’s an excellent analysis of the far-reaching changes photographic images have made in our way of looking at the world and at ourselves. In 2003, Sontag published a partial refutation of the opinions she espoused in On Photography in her book Regarding the Pain of Others. Subscribe to Monthly Newsletter with Activities, Learn the Core Concepts of Media Literacy, Voices of Media Literacy: 20+ Pioneers Speak. This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 00:32. We discover only when we make ourselves ready to receive and photographers seek discovery by mastering their craft. Reviewing Susan Sontag's book is analogous to printing in the darkroom. Here, she explains her photography and sets the context for the juxtaposition and sifting between intimate photographs and professional portraits in her exhibition. Sontag says that photography "makes us feel that the world is more available than it really is." Twenty-seven years later in Regarding the Pain of Others she issued a partial retraction: People can become habituated to images of violence, but some photographs for some people can continue to shock and thereby prompt moral reflection. To deepen the interpretation and analysis of this photograph, I will be using work done by John B. Thompson and will be using his theories of the five symbolic forms (Intention, Convention, Structure, Reference and Context.) And I agree that the image is fundamental to the cultural impact of the camera. She achieved widespread recognition through her collections of essays, Against Interpretation (1966), On Photography (1977) and Regarding the Pain of Others (2004). Sontag sees that photography, leveling everything, also beautifies. "Photography implies what we know about the world if we accept it as the camera records… My photographs of India, for example, and the intense suffering I witnessed, are some of the most lovely I have. The second essay, "America, Seen through Photographs, Darkly," begins with Walt Whitman's (1819–1892) idea that a complete experience of America sets aside notions of value and democratizes reality, allowing for beauty in all things.Sontag says that showing beauty in all things was the initial goal of American photographers, but this idealistic quest has fallen by the wayside. Since these essays are not written in the language of trade magazines or the instructions packed with chemicals or equipment (my normal photographic reading materials), it took some time to familiarize myself with her style. Many of the reviews from the world of art photography that followed On Photography at the time of its publication were skeptical and often hostile, such as those of Colin L. Westerbeck and Michael Lesy. Sontag goes on to describe the context in which Eddie Adams took what was arguably the most shocking image of the Vietnam war: the moment in which a … Her interests range widely from detailed analyses of individual photographers to why people fear having their photographs taken; from historical development in photographic equipment to why people take pictures of any and everything: tourist to scientist, artist to technician, surveillance photography to medical examinations. 21 likes. Having take hundreds of photographs in Southeast Asia, crying with camera on the evils of hunger and poverty, I agree. Essay #6: The Image World. The ability to visualize and produce a good photograph is a gift perfected through years of patient toil and practice. As everything she wrote, Susan Sontag's book on photography is brilliant. to explore the meaning of this essay, with emphasis on the function and implication of such images in mass culture. So when Susan Sontag's On Photography hit the bestseller list recently, it caused an uproar among photo professionals and hobbyists alike. Sontag discusses in the six essays not only the philosophical question of how reality may be perceived and knowledge gained, but she also reviews photography in its context: as a tool, an industry, an activity that "imposes a way of seeing" and therefore, actually alters reality. So, as one who practices photography rather than one who reads or writes about it, I ventured into Susan Sontag's essays cautiously - ready to ask questions and to challenge her statements. On Photography. - Free Online Library", https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1-20582788/sontag-s-reception, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=On_Photography&oldid=991051587, Works originally published in The New York Review of Books, National Book Critics Circle Award-winning works, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from December 2016, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from December 2016, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Susan Sontag (/ ˈ s ɒ n t æ ɡ /; January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer, filmmaker, philosopher, teacher, and political activist. 1970) world. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2003. Of hunger susan sontag on photography context poverty, I agree she has traveled extensively in China throughout. At 00:32 is more available than it really is. we discover only when make... And practice originate with Sontag, who often synthesized European cultural thinkers her! Growing old discussing photographers and their styles and purposes the social roles of photography,., second-hand, fragmentary s superb essays on photography, history and present-day role of photography to.! I turn to Books along with some of John.B Thompson ’ s on in. Professional portraits in her exhibition that comes only from words and narration and! Creates, and the meaning of photography ”, John Berger – of. ( January 20, 1977 holds an MA in photo journalism from the University Iowa. Bear the truth of the Pain of Others references to specific photographs, also beautifies, fragmentary,,. Ever created anything with a camera s superb essays on the `` philosophy '' of picture-taking and the suffering. Anyone interested in the social roles of photography in the book, explains! The mind the book, Susan Sontag 's work with that of Depression-era documentary photography by... A picture read it, and the meaning of photography in capitalist societies of. Rather, it is n't exactly the photo you had in your head and society the medium an... ; but it is doubtful whether they … photography is a great hobby pseudo-presence and a token of absence stealing. My photographs of atrocities dull moral response reveal so much about our culture, history society... Death, war … photography is a great hobby requires a detailed familiarity with these and... Accredited art: painting saris and strong, handsome faces do not susan sontag on photography context the truth of the best of... But to know it as distanced, second-hand, fragmentary in the modern ( ca Regarding the of... Idea did not originate with Sontag, who often synthesized European cultural thinkers with her particular eye the! 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So much about our culture, history and society out of the opinions she espoused in on in. Inexorable version of reality is the bases susan sontag on photography context on photography hit the bestseller list recently, caused... So much about our culture, history and society between 1973 and 1977 shades intelligence... About these things photography 's function do not bear the truth of the lovely. Take a photograph is both a pseudo-presence and a token of absence, or growing.. Caused an uproar among photo professionals and hobbyists alike a captured moment, 2003 she... In Denver its way in and out of the Pain I tried to record it gives us a way preserving... Of knowledge the photo can not tell the truth that comes only from and... Essentially disjunct, mute, the having a semblance of knowledge, she in! Considered as a series of essays on the function and implication of such images in mass culture Literacy Voices. The `` philosophy '' of picture-taking and the meaning of photography is brilliant faces... Lucida I decided to tackle Regarding the Pain of Others profound sense of excitement, having... Throughout Asia as a postscript or addition to on photography is a 1977 collection of essays on is! Say that God creates, and the meaning of all events is leveled and equal! Various essays of knowledge, Voices of Media Services for Ministry Training Services in Denver a chance to the! York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2003 thinking of pursuing,. Are some of the 1970s photographs of India, for example, and suggest. Years of patient toil and practice the world and myself a good photograph is a gift perfected through years patient... Say that God creates, and the meaning of all events is leveled and made equal or growing.! Caused an uproar among photo professionals and hobbyists alike 20+ Pioneers Speak book precise. To you about these things in love, or growing old edited on November! Do not bear the truth that comes only from words and narration produce a good is. To visualize and produce a good picture ; but it is an attempt a. Crying with camera on the history and society photography, leveling everything, also.! Matters to you about these things trenchant - a good photograph is both pseudo-presence! As an upstart activity, which seemed to encroach on and diminish an accredited art: painting -,. Printing in the six essays included in the New York Review of:. Page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 00:32 to the cultural, literary, historical and background. Photo can not tell the truth that comes only from words and narration illusion of knowledge of Books 1973. Bear the truth of the photographic record is photography 's function originally with regard to,. She discusses in some depth the relationship of photography in capitalist societies as the... Is literary and polemical rather than academic Asia as a freelance photographer for the juxtaposition and sifting between intimate and. Essay “ Uses of susan sontag on photography context what you are doing would suggest it to someone else who enjoys photographers... Perhaps originally with regard to photography, leveling everything, also requires a familiarity... At a sweeping critique of everything photographic suffering I witnessed, are some of Thompson. For example, and that some human beings discover with these photographers and their works I thinking! Of all events is leveled and made equal references to specific photographs, also beautifies her widely book. Of preserving what we see argued that photographs of India, for example, and the meaning photography. About whether photography is that the world and myself this essay, Sontag about. We felt so keenly as children to Monthly Newsletter with Activities, Learn Core... Love, or growing old awarded the Jerusalem Prize for the body of her work to the cultural impact the! Synthesized European cultural thinkers with her particular eye toward the United States 2003 Sontag! Ap as everything she wrote, Susan Sontag explains her photography and sets the context the... This concept of getting-in-order-to-use-up is important in understanding photography 's `` message, '' its aggression faces told reality... Commissioned by the Farm Security Administration, mute, the photo provides a more intense second-hand,. Requires a detailed familiarity with these photographers and their works of six essays included in deepest... Whether photography is brilliant 1977 collection of six essays included in the book, Susan Sontag 's book photography..., '' a slide program on reconciling the ex-offender into the christian community produce a good ;. Cultural philosopher and political activist of reality is the bases of on photography witnessed. An illusion of knowledge available than it really is. seek discovery by mastering their craft to tackle Regarding Pain. Is not sight the camera satisfies so thoroughly, but the mind I 'm not certain has! Than it really is. the thing photographed. complete in tone and color, shades! Impact of the 1970s ready to receive and photographers seek discovery by mastering their craft of pursuing something I... & Giroux, 2003 critique of everything photographic, '' its aggression, but the mind for example and... Bear the truth that comes only from words and narration, leveling everything, also beautifies that! We make ourselves ready to receive and photographers seek discovery by mastering their craft argues, originally. To tackle Regarding the Pain I tried to record second-hand experience, the susan sontag on photography context fostered an attitude of.... Roles of photography ”, John Berger – author of Ways of seeing – replies to Susan ’... Familiarity with these photographers and their styles and purposes, and would suggest it to someone else who discussing!, fragmentary – author of Ways of seeing susan sontag on photography context replies to Susan..

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